Enhance Critical Thinking – Teach to all Senses


Student Learning Outcomes:

  1. Content Outcome(s):  Students will explain why people opposed the Vietnam War
  2. Critical Thinking Outcome:  Students will gather evidence from primary source documents to support their position about why people opposed the Vietnam War.

Teaching Strategies

  • Using group discussion to engage learners actively and make them “do the work”
  • Using movement to keep students engaged
  • Model for students how to critically evaluate primary documents

Resource: https://www.teachingchannel.org/videos/reading-like-a-historian-taking-positions

Rationale:  Research studies cited in Doyle document the effectiveness of

  • movement during class to facilitate student engagement
  •  group discussions that engage students in higher level thinking and hold students accountable for their critical thinking decisions

 

Activities to Accomplish the Learning Outcomes

  1. Students read different primary sources documents about the Vietnam War and why people opposed war.
  2. Teacher led discussion using the sources about various reasons for opposing the war:  economic, social, or political resulting in student notes on the primary source documents.
  3. Teacher asks students to take a position:  Why did the American people oppose the Vietnam War? Were the reasons political, social, or economic?  Move to a side of the room depending on your position.  Students defend their positions as political or social or economic using the primary sources they have accumulated.  The purpose of the presenters is to convince other students to change their positions and move to a different group.

 

Evaluation of the Learning Outcomes

  1. Content outcome:
    • Observation of students during the teacher led discussion
    • Observation of students during the debate
    • Test over Vietnam War
  2. Critical Thinking Outcome:
    • Observation of students during the movement debate
    • Test over Vietnam War, which includes an open-ended question similar to this question: Why did the American people oppose the Vietnam War? Were the reasons political, social, or economic?   Use of scoring guide to grade this question.